Using of Paraphrasing, Summarizing and Quoting

Using of Paraphrasing, Summarizing and Quoting

While jotting down your assignments, you are expected to draw in sources from experts in your field of study to demonstrate your understanding of key debates, ideas, and concepts. You will also be using these sources as evidence to justify your claims and support your arguments.

However, you need to take care while incorporating the work of others into your assignments to prevent getting caught for plagiarism. There are many techniques which our assignment help team suggests you to assist in achieving this like quoting, summarising, and paraphrasing, when combined with correct referencing.

Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing means to express ideas or information from other sources, but you need to do so in your own words. Keep in mind that paraphrasing is not replacing the words with synonyms or rearranging the structure of the sentences. It means that you need to rephrase the original source and acknowledge it with proper references.

Paraphrasing is useful in situations like when you have to deal with a lot of definitions and facts or you need to refer from one section of information from an entire source like a particular paragraph from a 1000-page novel.

How do you paraphrase?

  • First, you need to read the original text and understand it completely. If needed, read the original text several times and check the meaning of the words you do not understand.
  • While reading the text, try to connect the overall meaning of the entire section or paragraph; do not simply focus on the sentences and words individually.
  • Once you are done with a particular section or paragraph, you can set aside the source and start writing it down in your own words.
  • Once you are done writing your paraphrase, proofread, revise, and edit the content as per need.
  • Do not forget to add a proper citation once the paraphrasing is done.

Summarising

Summarising means that you briefly outline the main points of the text you have read in your own words, without changing what the original author has meant and without adding your own ideas. Typically, summarised content is always followed by a citation. A summary is particularly helpful if you need to refer to the main argument or idea presented in the source content like the article, chapter, book, etc.

How do you summarise?

  • Summarising is almost similar to paraphrasing. First, you need to read the original text and understand it completely. If necessary, re-read the text and look for the meaning of phrases and words that you cannot grasp in the first go.
  • Once you are done with the reading, you need to ask yourself questions like what is the overall message of the text, what are the key points, etc.
  • Simply focus all your attention on the essentials and leave out examples and the finer details.
  • Putting the source aside, you can start writing down the key points in your own words.
  • Once done, proofread, revise, and edit the summary if needed.
  • Additionally, you should never forget to include a proper citation when summarising.

Quoting

In quoting, you need to repeat the exact words put forward by the author. In some disciplines like history and literary studies, quoting is often used to support an idea/argument. In others like technology and science, quoting is used in moderation. You need to make sure to understand how to use quoting for your discipline; if you are not too sure, you can ask your tutor or lecturer.

Here are some situations where direct quoting is considered as justified:

  • The author has named or devised a new scale, technique, concept, model, or theory.
  • The author has noted down a definition for a new concept.
  • The author’s words have a particular impact and cannot be expressed in any other way.
  • The author is a noteworthy authority on a subject and his/her words will add weight and substance to your argument.
  • You are expected to make use of examples to validate your analysis or interpretation of a literary work.

You need to keep the quote as short and brief as possible and integrate it into the development of your discussion or argument. This means that you need to comment on the quote to display how it connects to your subject. All quotes need page numbers in the citation.

There are two different types of quotes. They are:

  1. Short quotes

For quotes up to two or three lines, you need to place the relevant information within quotation marks and incorporate them into your sentences.

  1. Long quotes

Also known as block quotes, these quotes consist of more than 30-40 words. They need to be set apart from the rest of your content by a line or two. They also need to be indented (by usually five spaces) and typed in a smaller font, if possible.

Paraphrasing, summarizing, and quoting are all different ways of including other’s ideas into your written work. With these, you will be able to share specific phrases and words of another author or show that you have understood and interpreted the text in your own words. Either way, referring to outside sources makes your paper more credible.

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